News and Alerts
NWRA Scholarships Available for education and Cage Building—October 12, 2019
Rachel Fischoff Educational Scholarship
The Rachel Fischoff Educational Scholarship is a scholarship redeemable through NWRA to pay for any combination of NWRA educational publications, including shipping; NWRA symposium fees, including registration, field trips and/or workshops; and NWRA membership dues (for up to two years). This scholarship is given through NWRA by Rachel Fischoff, a life member of NWRA. The deadline for scholarship applications is December 1, 2019.
Educational Material Scholarship
Each Educational Materials Scholarship is given to an individual to purchase educational materials, such as books, manuals, charts, and other publications needed to be informed and effective. Credit is redeemable only through NWRA. Five scholarships may be awarded annually. This scholarship is given through NWRA with funds provided by the Orphaned Wildlife Rescue Center. The deadline for scholarship applications is December 1, 2019.
NWRA Caging Scholarship
$3,200 available for enclosure repair or building. This scholarship benefits NWRA members and licensed/permitted rehabilitators in the United States through an opportunity to receive a cash scholarship for building, repairing, or renovating caging used exclusively for the rehabilitation of wildlife. NWRA matches an amount to be raised by the applicant; in other words, NWRA may fund up to one-half the projected cost of a project, but not more than the donated amount NWRA has available in that particular year. The deadline for scholarship applications is December 1, 2019.
Bat-killing disease white-nose syndrome confirmed east of the Cascade Range in Washington—August 30, 2019
WDFW NEWS RELEASE
Abby Tobin, White-nose Syndrome Coordinator (WDFW), 360-999-7958
Rachel Blomker, Communications Manager (WDFW), 360-701-3101
David Eisenhauer, Public Affairs Officer (USFWS), 413-253-8492
OLYMPIA White-nose syndrome, an often-fatal disease of hibernating bats, has been confirmed for the first time in Washington east of the Cascade Range. Kittitas County is the fourth county in Washington affected by the disease or the causal fungus, joining King, Pierce, and Lewis counties.
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) received four dead bats from a landowner outside of Cle Elum this spring. WDFW sent the bats to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, WI for testing, where scientists confirmed all four bats had white-nose syndrome. The bat species are either Yuma myotis (Myotis yumanensis) or little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus), two species that are hard to tell apart visually.
Earlier this year, the same landowner alerted WDFW that a large group of bats has lived on their property for over 50 years. Biologists confirmed it was a maternity colony, which is where female bats give birth and nurse their young. In August, scientists counted more than 750 bats at the site.
We are thankful that this homeowner was a caring steward of these bats and reached out to let us know about the bats on their property, and for reporting the dead bats, said Abby Tobin, white-nose syndrome coordinator for WDFW. We rely on these types of tips from the public of sick or dead bats, or groups of bats, to monitor bat populations and track the spread of this deadly bat disease.
White-nose syndrome is harmful to hibernating bats, but does not affect humans, livestock, or other wildlife.
In 2016, scientists first documented white-nose syndrome in Washington near North Bend in King County. Since then, WDFW has confirmed 34 cases of the disease in three bat species in the state. A timeline of fungus and white-nose syndrome detections in Washington is available online at https://wdfw.wa.gov/bats.
First seen in North America in 2006 in eastern New York, white-nose syndrome has killed millions of bats in eastern North America and has now spread to 33 states and seven Canadian provinces.
The disease is caused by the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans, which attacks the skin of hibernating bats and damages their delicate wings, making it difficult to fly. Infected bats often leave too early from hibernation, which causes them to lose their fat reserves and become dehydrated or starve to death.
As predators of night-flying insects, bats play an important ecological role in preserving the natural balance of your property or neighborhood. Washington is home to 15 bat species that benefit humans by eating tons of insects that can negatively affect forest health, commercial crops, and human health and well-being.
WDFW has collaborated with partners, including U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington State Department of Health, wildlife rehabilitators, and others to collect samples from bats and the areas where they live around the state for the past three years. This proactive surveillance work helps scientists detect the presence of the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome and track its spread.
WDFW urges people to not handle animals that appear sick or are found dead. If you find sick, dead, or groups of bats, or notice bats acting strangely, such as flying outside during the day or freezing weather, please report your sighting online at https://wdfw.wa.gov/bats or call WDFW at 360-902-2515.
Even though the fungus is primarily spread from bat-to-bat contact, humans can unintentionally spread it as well. People can carry fungal spores on clothing, shoes, or recreation equipment that touches the fungus. This precaution may be particularly important in areas where natural barriers like the Cascade Range may slow the natural movement of the fungus across the landscape.
To learn more about the disease and the national white-nose syndrome response, and to get the most updated decontamination protocols and other guidance documents, visit www.whitenosesyndrome.org.
For more information on Washington bats, visit https://wdfw.wa.gov/species-habitats/living/species-facts/bats
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is the state agency tasked with preserving, protecting, and perpetuating fish, wildlife, and ecosystems, while providing sustainable fishing, hunting, and other recreation opportunities.
Persons with disabilities who need to receive this information in an alternative format or who need reasonable accommodations to participate in WDFW-sponsored public meetings or other activities may contact Dolores Noyes by phone (360-902-2349), TTY (360-902-2207), or email (firstname.lastname@example.org). For more information, see http://wdfw.wa.gov/accessibility/reasonable_request.html.
Chronic Wasting Disease—August 1, 2019
From Patricia Thompson, WDFW Rehabilitation Program Manager
This article is to alert you to the detection of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) close to the Montana/Idaho panhandle boarder. As cooperators in wildlife disease surveillance, please be diligent about keeping eyes open for signs of this disease. It has not been detected in Washington as of yet and we included some prevention strategies within the Wildlife Rehabilitation WACs to at least attempt to keep it out of our state.
Please see WDFW Chronic Wasting Disease page for more information on CWD.
West Nile Virus in Washington—April 23, 2019
From Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
First western long-eared bat with white-nose syndrome found in Washington
OLYMPIA White-nose syndrome, a fungal disease that affects hibernating bats, has been confirmed for the first time in a western long-eared bat (Myotis evotis) in King County, Washington. This brings the total number of bat species confirmed with the deadly fungal disease in North America to 12.
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) received the dead bat in early March from wildlife rehabilitator, Barbara Ogaard, who specializes in rescuing bats in the Seattle area. Samples were sent to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, WI for testing, where it was confirmed the bat had white-nose syndrome.
"Confirming another species with white-nose syndrome is concerning, but something we've anticipated," said Abby Tobin, white-nose syndrome coordinator for WDFW. "We are grateful for the public's involvement in reporting sick or dead bats, as it helps us monitor bat populations and track the spread of this catastrophic disease in Washington."
White-nose syndrome has also been confirmed for the first time in Washington outside of King County. In early March, a Pierce County resident found a dead little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) on a window and reported it to WDFW. After sending the bat to USGS National Wildlife Health Center for testing, it was confirmed the bat had white-nose syndrome.
First seen in North America in 2006 in eastern New York, white-nose syndrome has killed millions of hibernating bats in eastern North America and has now spread to 33 states and seven Canadian provinces. See a map of the spread of white-nose syndrome at https://www.whitenosesyndrome.org/static-spread-map/april-23-2019.
The disease is caused by the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans, which invades hibernating bats' skin and causes damage, especially to delicate wing tissue, and physiologic imbalances that can lead to disturbed hibernation, depleted fat reserves, dehydration, and death.
The fungal disease is not known to pose a threat to humans, pets, livestock, or other wildlife.
Even though the fungus is believed to be primarily transferred from bat-to-bat contact, the fungus can be inadvertently spread by humans. People can carry fungal spores on clothing, shoes, or recreation equipment that comes into contact with the fungus.
White-nose syndrome was first confirmed in Washington in March 2016. Over the last three years, WDFW has collaborated with partners to collect samples from bats and the areas where they live. This proactive surveillance work has helped WDFW detect the presence of the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome in a variety of locations in King and Lewis counties, including Mount Rainier National Park, and now, in Pierce County. For more information on these detections visit https://www.whitenosesyndrome.org/blog/white-nose-syndrome-fungus-detected-in-second-county-in-washington-state-2.
King County is the most affected area in Washington with 29 of the 30 confirmed cases of white-nose syndrome in three bat species. A timeline of fungus and white-nose syndrome detections in Washington is available online at https://wdfw.wa.gov/bats.
Washington state has 14 species of bats that benefit humans by consuming large quantities of insects that can impact forest health and commercial crops.
WDFW advises against handling animals that appear sick or are found dead. If you find sick or dead bats or notice bats exhibiting unusual behavior such as flying outside during the day or during freezing weather, please report your observation online at https://wdfw.wa.gov/bats.
To learn more about the disease and access the most updated decontamination protocols and other guidance documents, visit www.whitenosesyndrome.org.
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is the state agency tasked with preserving, protecting and perpetuating fish, wildlife and ecosystems, while providing sustainable fishing, hunting, and other recreation opportunities.
Abby Tobin, White-nose Syndrome Coordinator (WDFW), 360-902-2523
Rachel Blomker, Communications Manager (WDFW), 360-902-2236
Catherine Hibbard, White-nose Syndrome Coordinator (USFWS), 413-531-4276
Virulent Newcastle Disease—January 8, 2019
From ZAHP (Zoos and Aquariums All Hazard Preparedness, Response and Recovery) Fusion Center
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has announced the detection of Virulent Newcastle Disease (VND) in a commercial layer flock in Riverside County, California. This is a continuation of the outbreak that started in southern California in May of 2018. View the full announcement from USDA here.
Virulent Newcastle Disease is not a food safety concern so properly cooked poultry products are safe to eat. In very rare instances, people working directly with sick birds can become infected. Symptoms are usually very mild, and limited to conjunctivitis and/or influenza-like symptoms. Infection is easily prevented by using standard personal protective equipment.
According to Dr. Jonathan Sleeman of the National Wildlife Health Center, the strain currently circulating in southern California is distinct from strains identified earlier in cormorants in the Great Lakes, and the strain affecting rock doves in Texas (for additional information click here.)
To our knowledge, this California strain has not been detected in birds other than poultry, but it is unknown how timely the sharing of surveillance information will be with the current government shutdown. This virus is highly adapted to gallinaceous birds. It is not known if gallinaceous birds other than chickens are equally affected. This could impact gallinaceous birds in breeding and exhibition settings.
What this means for our community
Exhibitors, bird breeders and owners should carefully examine their biosecurity protocols, and heightened biosecurity measures may be appropriate. Guidance on biosecurity for VND can be found on the California Department of Agriculture’s website. Additional information on biosecurity for all poultry flocks can be found on USDA’s Defend the Flock Resource Center.
Since the spread of this virus from one facility to another is still under investigation, you must consider multiple possible routes of infection. It is very important to ensure that any of your staff or volunteers monitor the health of their own birds, and report sick or dead birds promptly:
State Bird Hotline 1-866-922-2473
USDA toll free number 1-866-536-7593
Additional background provided by USDA email
Virulent Newcastle Disease is a contagious and fatal viral disease affecting the respiratory, nervous and digestive systems of birds and poultry. The disease is so virulent that many birds and poultry die without showing any clinical signs. A death rate of almost 100 percent can occur in unvaccinated poultry flocks. Virulent Newcastle Disease can infect and cause death even in vaccinated poultry.
Clinical signs of Virulent Newcastle Disease include: sudden death and increased death loss in the flock; sneezing; gasping for air; nasal discharge; coughing; greenish, watery diarrhea; decreased activity; tremors; drooping wings; twisting of the head and neck; circling; complete stiffness; and swelling around the eyes and neck.
WDFW Wildlife Rehabilitation Rules Revision—December 5, 2018
Wildlife in Captivity and Wildlife Rehabilitation
The department is considering rule changes for wildlife rehabilitation.
Winter 2018/2019 Bat Submission Guidelines & Updates from the 2017/2018 White-Nose Syndrome Surveillance Season—November 29, 2018
From Dr. Jonathan Sleeman, Center Director, USGS National Wildlife Health Center
Updated guidance from the USGS National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) is now available for bat submissions for the 2018/2019 white-nose syndrome (WNS) surveillance season. These guidelines are posted on the updated NWHC WNS web page and replace all previous NWHC bat submission criteria. Included are reference charts and an updated WNS Management Area map to assist submitters in identifying priority species and collecting appropriate samples for submission to a diagnostic laboratory. These guidelines support surveillance objectives of the WNS National Plan designed to identify new geographic locations and bat species impacted by Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) and WNS.
WDFW FY 2019-2021 Applications are now open—November 27, 2018
From Patricia Thompson, WDFW Rehabilitation Program Manager
FY 2019-2021 Application Guidelines and Grant Application, and a current per diem map to calculate travel expenses are available on the WDFW website at https://wdfw.wa.gov/grants/wildlife_rehabilitators/.
The deadline for grant application submittal is February 1, 2019.
The total amount of grant funding is estimated at $150,000.00 for the biennium but depends on the availability of Personalized License Plate funds and upon the Legislature and Governor’s Office budget actions for the 2019-2021 biennial budget.
Project SNOWstorm—October 27, 2018
From Erica Miller, DVM
For the past 5 winters, a group of scientists has been collecting information on Snowy Owls as they migrate into the lower 48 states. Project SNOWstorm (www.projectsnowstorm.org) welcomes contributions from rehabilitators who may be receiving snowy owls this winter. We are specifically seeking blood samples and measurements from live birds, and intact cadavers from birds that are found dead, die in care, or are euthanized. Please see the attached documents (Project SNOWstorm Sampling Protocol & Labeling and Packing Carcasses) for further information on the samples needed and instructions for submitting them to Project SNOWstorm.
Dead and Dying Crows—August 23, 2018
From Patricia Thompson, WDFW Rehabilitation Program Manager
The WDFW has received an increased number of reports of deceased crows this summer from the west side of the state. Three of these crows were sent to the USGS National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC), and two to the Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (WADDL), where necropsy findings were consistent with crow reovirus. These findings were confirmed via PCR this week (see attached report). This is apparently a highly infectious disease. Note that all of the crows tested to date have been negative for West Nile Virus.
Euthanize all sick crows that enter your facility
NWHC Request for Carcasses
The NWHC would like more fresh carcasses from over a larger area of western Washington to test for this virus. If possible, please collect and freeze freshly deceased/euthanized crows for future pick up by WDFW staff. Please inform Dr. Kristin Mansfield (email@example.com) of any fresh carcasses that you are able to freeze. Note that we have already confirmed this disease in Auburn and in Bothell, so don’t need any additional carcasses from these areas. Carcasses from outside of King and Snohomish counties are being sought at this time. This would be valuable to the WDFW and to NWHC to help us better understand the geographical extent of this disease.